People Recruitment Model for Effective and Sustainable Mosque Management
Mosque has a pivotal role for da’wa and muslim community development. Unfortunately many of them have lost such functions nowadays and the caretaker is among the main reasons: an active board of caretaker results an active mosque and vice versa. Thus, a model of effective and sustainable people recruitment is needed for mosque to be optimally functional. This research analyzes two longlasting mosques in Surabaya, Al-Falah and Al-Abror, to develop the model. Al-Falah is a downtown mosque while Al-Abror is located in a suburban area. Both are regarded as sustainable mosques due to their ability and consistency in performing community development through their programs and people management in more than 40 years of their existence. The objective of this grounded research is to understand the people recruitment planned and implemented by both mosques’ board of caretaker. Using in-depth interview and inductive analysis, this research reveals three important points of findings. Firstly, strategic value proposition in mosque people recruitment consists of mosque organizational vision, work-related spiritualism, personal track record allignment and material incentive. Secondly, although recruitment source primarily is from internal (within recent or previous board of caretaker), external source (people from any background and residential area) is proven to be effective. Last, personal and word of mouth through social media platform such as WhatsApp are the preferred method for recruitment.
Karam Dana, et.al., “Mosques as American Institutions: Mosque Attendance, Religiosity and Integration into the Political System among American Muslims”, Religions, Vol.2 (2011).
R. Wayne Mondy, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Jilid I Edisi 10 (Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, 2008).
Sukirno, “Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Kemampuan Manajerial Ta'mir Masjid Desa Purwamartani”, Jurnal Inotek, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Mei, 2001).
Fatah Sukur, “Masjid Semarang Dalam Pertarungan Ruang Sosial-Budaya”, IBDA’: Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Januari-Juni, 2014).
Niko Pahlevi Hentika (et.al.), “Meningkatkan Fungsi Masjid Melalui Reformasi Administrasi (Studi pada Masjid Al-Falah Surabaya)”, Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), Vol. 2, No. 2 (2013).
Robby H. Abror, “Rethinking Muhammadiyah: Masjid, Teologi Dakwah Dan Tauhid Sosial (Perspektif Filsafat Dakwah)”, Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, Vol. 6 No. 19 (Januari-Juni 2012).
Marc Orlitzky, “Recruitment Strategy”, The Oxford Handbook of Human Resource Management, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).
Ali Alkahtani, “An Application of Islamic Principles in Building a Robust Human Resource Management System (In Islamic Countries)”, International Journal of Recent Advances in Organizational Behaviour and Decision Sciences (IJRAOB), Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2014).
Mohd Shahril Bin Ahmad Razimi, Murshidi Mohd Noor, and Norzaidi Mohd Daud, “The Concept of Dimension in Human Resource Management from Islamic Management Perspective”, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 20 (2014).
Ahmad Rafiki & Kalsom Abdul Wahab, “Islamic Values and Principles in the Organization: A Review of Literature”, Asian Social Science, Vol. 10, No. 9 (2014).
Robiatul Auliyah, “Studi Fenomenologi Peranan Manajemen Masjid At-Taqwa Dalam Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Bangkalan”, Jurnal Studi Manajemen, Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014).
Dalmeri, “Revitalisasi Fungsi Masjid Sebagai Pusat Ekonomi Dan Dakwah Multikultural”, Walisongo, Vol. 22, No. 2 (2014).
Ahmad, Hasbullah, “Revitalisasi Masjid Produktif (Realita Konstruktif Pemakmuran Masjid di Kota Jambi)”, TAJDID, Vol. 13, No. 2 (2014).
Abdul Basit, “STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN MASJID BAGI GENERASI MUDA”, KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2009.
Robby H. Abror, “Rethinking Muhammadiyah: Masjid, Teologi Dakwah Dan Tauhid Sosial (Perspektif Filsafat Dakwah)”, Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, Vol. 6, No. 19 (2012).
Muchammad Eka Mahmud & Zamroni, “Peran Masjid Dalam Pengembangan Pendidikan Agama Berwawasan Multikultural Pada Masyarakat”, FENOMENA, Vol. 6 No. 1 (2014).
Asnida Abd Hamid (et al.), “A Proposed Model for Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) and Mosque Performance”, BEST: International Journal of Management, Information Technology and Engineering (BEST: IJMITE), Vol. 1, Issue 3 (Dec, 2013).
Niko P. Hentika, Suryadi, M. Rozikin, “Meningkatkan Fungsi Masjid Melalui Reformasi Administrasi (Studi pada Masjid Al Falah Surabaya)”, Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), Vol. 2, No.2 (2013).
Barney G. Glaser & Anselm L. Strauss, The Discovery of Grounded Theory – Strategies for Qualitative Research (New Brunswick & London: AldlineTransaction, 2006).
Jan Jonker & Bartjan Pennink, The Essence of Research Methodology: A Concise Guide for Master and PhD Students in Management Science (London & New York: Springer, 2010).
Karen D. Locke, Grounded Theory in Management Research (London-Thousand Oaks-New Delhi: SAGE, 2001).
Ridin Sofwan, “Penguatan Manajemen Pemberdayaan Fungsi Masjid Al-Fattah di Kelurahan Krapyak Semarang”, Dimas, Vol. 13 No. 2 (2013).
Peter Beyer, “Social Forms of Religion and Religions in Contemporary Global Society”, Handbook of the Sociology of Religion (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Nany T. Ammerman, “Religious Identities and Religious Institutions”, Handbook of the Sociology of Religion (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Ralph H. Turner, “Role Theory”, Handbook of Sociological Theory, Jonathan H. Turner (ed.), (New York: Springer, 2006).
Joan E. Pynes, HRM for Public & Nonprofit Organizations: A Strategic Approach 3rd ed. (San Fransisco: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009).
Peggy A. Thoits & Lyndi N. Hewitt, “Volunteer Work and Well-Being”, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 42 (June, 2001), 116.
Shawn Teresa Flanigan, “Factors Influencing Nonprofit Career Choice in Faith-based and Secular NGOs in Three Developing Countries”, Nonprofit Management and Leadership, Vol. 21, No. 1 (September 2010), 71.
Michael J. Donahue & Michael E. Nielsen, “Religion, Attitudes, and Social Behavior”, Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (New York & London: The Guilford Press, 2005), 278.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Conference on Da'wa and Communication
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Author(s) who publish with this proceeding agree to the following terms:
Author(s) retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this proceeding.
Author(s) are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this proceeding.
Author(s) are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See the Effect of Open Access).
The Proceedings of International Conference on Da’wa and Communication by the Da’wa and Communication Faculty of the Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya, Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.