Optimizing The Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices in Covid 19 Pandemic : An Articles Review

  • Ria Qadariah Arief State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel
  • Esti Novi Andyarini State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel
  • Sri Hidayati State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel
Keywords: Exclusive Breastfeeding, covid 19, infant


World Health Organization recommendations for Exclusive Breastfeeding for newborns up to 6 months. Breastfeeding has been shown to protect against infectious disease and increase body immunity, among other benefits. During the pandemic, breastfeeding becomes very crucial because the pandemic limits exclusive breastfeeding with mothers giving birth in health care facilities and other health problems that cause mothers to not be optimal in exclusive breastfeeding. We conducted exclusive breastfeeding in Pandemic Covid19. We analysed nine articles consisting of six studies considering exclusive breastfeeding for non-infected mothers and three studies presenting mothers with covid19. To optimize exclusive breastfeeding during the pandemic, promote the benefits of breastfeeding in the first-day life of newborns needed and safety giving exclusive breastfeeding practice for mothers with COVID-19 while maintaining health protocols


Ahmad Zadeh Beheshti, M., Alimoradi, Z., Bahrami, N., Allen, K.-A., Lissack, K., 2021. Predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy during the covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Neonatal Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnn.2021.08.012

Chen, H., Guo, J., Wang, C., Luo, F., Yu, X., Zhang, W., Li, J., Zhao, D., Xu, D., Gong, Q., Liao, J., Yang, H., Hou, W., Zhang, Y., 2020. Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective review of medical records. Lancet 395, 809–815. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30360-3

Costantini, C., Joyce, A., Britez, Y., 2021. Breastfeeding Experiences During the COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Kingdom: An Exploratory Study Into Maternal Opinions and Emotional States. J Hum Lact 8903344211026565. https://doi.org/10.1177/08903344211026565

Favre, G., Pomar, L., Qi, X., Nielsen-Saines, K., Musso, D., Baud, D., 2020. Guidelines for pregnant women with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection. Lancet Infect Dis 20, 652–653. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30157-2

Hahn-Holbrook, J., Haselton, M.G., Dunkel Schetter, C., Glynn, L.M., 2013. Does breastfeeding offer protection against maternal depressive symptomatology?: A prospective study from pregnancy to 2 years after birth. Arch Womens Ment Health 16, 411–422. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-013-0348-9

Lackey, K.A., Pace, R.M., Williams, J.E., Bode, L., Donovan, S.M., Järvinen, K.M., Seppo, A.E., Raiten, D.J., Meehan, C.L., McGuire, M.A., McGuire, M.K., 2020. SARS-CoV-2 and human milk: What is the evidence? Matern Child Nutr 16, e13032. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13032

Lamy Filho, F., de Sousa, S.H.C., Freitas, I.J.S., Lamy, Z.C., Simões, V.M.F., da Silva, A.A.M., Barbieri, M.A., 2015. Effect of maternal skin-to-skin contact on decolonization of Methicillin-Oxacillin-Resistant Staphylococcus in neonatal intensive care units: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 15, 63. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-015-0496-1

Latorre, G., Martinelli, D., Guida, P., Masi, E., De Benedictis, R., Maggio, L., 2021. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on exclusive breastfeeding in non-infected mothers. Int Breastfeed J 16, 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-021-00382-4

Le Doare, K., Holder, B., Bassett, A., Pannaraj, P.S., 2018. Mother’s Milk: A Purposeful Contribution to the Development of the Infant Microbiota and Immunity. Front Immunol 9, 361. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.00361

McFadden, A., Gavine, A., Renfrew, M.J., Wade, A., Buchanan, P., Taylor, J.L., Veitch, E., Rennie, A.M., Crowther, S.A., Neiman, S., MacGillivray, S., 2017. Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2, CD001141. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub5

Olza-Fernández, I., Marín Gabriel, M.A., Gil-Sanchez, A., Garcia-Segura, L.M., Arevalo, M.A., 2014. Neuroendocrinology of childbirth and mother-child attachment: the basis of an etiopathogenic model of perinatal neurobiological disorders. Front Neuroendocrinol 35, 459–472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yfrne.2014.03.007

Pereira, A., Cruz-Melguizo, S., Adrien, M., Fuentes, L., Marin, E., Forti, A., Perez-Medina, T., 2020. Breastfeeding mothers with COVID-19 infection: a case series. Int Breastfeed J 15, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-020-00314-8

Piankusol, C., Sirikul, W., Ongprasert, K., Siviroj, P., 2021. Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Practices under Lockdown during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Thailand: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health 18, 8729. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168729

Rochmawati, R., Kusmintarti, A., Fary, V., Elfaristo, L., Pembayun, E.L., Hayuningsih, S., Jayanti, K., Petricka, G., 2021. Meningkatkan Kapasitas Ibu Menyusui Melalui Penyuluhan Kesehatan Mengenai Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Sasambo: Jurnal Abdimas (Journal of Community Service) 3, 76–82.

Salvatore, C.M., Han, J.-Y., Acker, K.P., Tiwari, P., Jin, J., Brandler, M., Cangemi, C., Gordon, L., Parow, A., DiPace, J., DeLaMora, P., 2020. Neonatal management and outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: an observation cohort study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 4, 721–727. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30235-2

Suryaman, R., Girsang, E., Mulyani, S., 2021. Hubungan Pengetahuan Dengan Kecemasan Ibu Dalam Pemberian Asi Pada Bayi Dimasa Pandemi Covid 19. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 9.

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How to Cite
AriefR. Q., AndyariniE. N., & HidayatiS. (2021). Optimizing The Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices in Covid 19 Pandemic : An Articles Review. International Conference on Sustainable Health Promotion, 2(1), 93-98. Retrieved from https://proceedings.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/ICOSHPRO/article/view/488
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