Literature Review: The Relationship Between The Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women and The Incidence of LBW (Low Birth Weight) Infant
LBW is a condition in which babies are born with low and less than normal weight which affects the IMR caused by various factors that are still a problem in developing countries, including Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the nutritional status of pregnant women with LBW with high IMR, as well as the factors that cause LBW and diseases that accompany LBW. The methodology used in this paper is a literature review in various relevant international and national journals as reference material for research activities using binding Google Scholar journals and articles for 2018-2022, and the keywords entered in the search are [Relationship of maternal nutritional status with low birth weight. in Indonesia] and access up to 10 journals according to the criteria. The result of this research is that the nutritional status of pregnant women is very influential on LBW. The cause of the occurrence of LBW from various factors, ranging from maternal, fetal, environmental, gestational age, and placental factors. It can be concluded that LBW is still a big problem today, especially in developing countries, and must be resolved immediately so that it does not continue to the next generation. So, pregnant women must maintain their diet and life so that their nutritional status is good and there is no risk of low birth weight during pregnancy.
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