Madurese Islamic Preacher Perception about Early Matchmaking

Phenomenology Study in Pamekasan and Sumenep

  • Mohammad Rifa'i Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya
Keywords: Perception, Islamic preacher, early matchmaking

Abstract

Madurese people are known as people who have a habit of pairing children at an early age, and some are even toddlers or babies still in the womb who have been booked for matchmaking. Early matchmaking in Madura is one of the causes of early marriage, and then it causes school dropouts. It needs attention from an influential person in the people, one of which is an Islamic preacher (da’i). The da’i perception of these social realities is important so that they can provide understanding to the Madurese people about the early matchmaking well. This study aims to answer: (1) how is Madura da’i perception about early matchmaking, and (2) how is the typology of Madura da’i on early matchmaking. To achieve these objectives, the author uses qualitative-field methods by collecting data through observation, interviews, and documentation. While for data analysis, the author uses the phenomenology theory. The result of this study: Madura da’i perceives early matchmaking as i'tikad (effort) that is an effort of parents who need to protect and worry about their children. Madura da’i also perceives that early matchmaking in Madura contains values of Islam; those are: (a) minimizing of approaching adultery, (b) inviting to follow sunnah, and (c) inviting to keep the family relationship. Besides that, there are two typologies of Madura da’i about early matchmaking; the first type is da’i who agrees to early matchmaking; the second type is da’i who disagrees with early matchmaking. They agree with early matchmaking as long as it does not end in early marriage. Otherwise, they do not agree if early matchmaking results in early marriages, and considering early marriages that do not lead to marriages sometimes causes hostility between families. The type of da’i who refuses is more suggesting that children are directed to the world of education first before being charged with the thinking of ​​matchmaking or marriage.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aizid, Rizem. Bismillah, Kami Menikah: Lima Janji Allah bagi Orang Menikah. Yogyakarta: Diva Press, 2018.

Aziz, Moh. Ali. Ilmu Dakwah. Jakarta: Kencana, 2017.

Barra>q (al-), `Abd. Panduan Lengkap Pernikahan Islami. Bandung: Oasis, 2011.

Baya>nu>ni>y (al-), Muhammad `Abd al-Fath}. Al-Madkhal Ila `Ilmi al-Da`wah. Beirut: Risalah Publisher, 2001.

DeVito, Joseph A. Komunikasi Antarmanusia. Jakarta: Professional Books, 1997.

Edgar, Andrew dan Peter Sedgwick. Key Concept in Cultural Theory. London and New York: Routledge, 1999.

Geertz, Clifford. Abangan, Santri, Priyayi dalam masyarakat Jawa. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1989.

Jawas, Yazid bin Abdul Qadir. Hadiah Istimewa Menuju Keluarga Sakinah. Depok: Pustaka Khazanah Fawaid, 2018.

Karisyati, Septi. “Tradisi Bhekal Eko-akoaghi (Perjodohan Sejak dalam Kandungan) di Desa Sana Laok, Kecamatan Waru, Pamekasan, Madura dalam Perspektif Hukum Adat dan Hukum Islam.” Skripsi— UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, 2014.

Kauma, Fuad dan Nipan. Membimbing Istri Mendampingi Suami. Yogyakarta: MitraPustaka, 1990.

Koentjaraningrat. Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Djembatan, 2004.

Littlejohn, S.W. and K.A. Foss. Theories of Human Communication. Belmont, USA: Thomson Learning Academic Resource Center, 2005.

Mulyana, Deddy. Ilmu Komunikasi: Suatu Pengantar. Bandung: Rosda, 2016.

Nur, Djaman. Fiqih Munakahat. Semarang: Dina Utama, 1993.

Poloma, Margaret M. Sosiologi Kontemporer. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2013.

Ritzer, George dan Goodman, Douglas J, Teori Sosiologi Modern. Jakarta: Predana Media, 2008.

Sa’dan, Masthuriyah. “Menakar Tradisi Kawin Paksa di Madura dengan Barometer HAM.” Musâwa 14, no. 2 (Juli 2015).

Shahih: the Hadith narrated by al-Bukhari (no. 5142) dan Muslim (no. 1412), from Sahabat Ibnu ‘Umar. This Lafazh belongs to al-Bukhari.

Suma, Muhammad Amin. Kawin Beda Agama di Indonesia: Telaah Syariah. Tanggerang; Lentera Hati, 2015.

Syam, Nia Kurniati. “Kearifan Dakwah dan Konflik Sosial.” Paper. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan PKM Sosial, Ekonomi dan Humaniora, Fakultas Dakwah Universitas Islam Bandung, 2014.

Thalib, M. Petunjuk Menuju Perkawinan Islam. Bandung: Irsyad Baitus Salam, 1995.

Tim Penyusun Kamus Pusat Bahasa, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa, 2008.

Wibowo, H. J; Ambar Andrianto; dkk. Tatakrama Suku Bangsa Madura. Yogyakarta: Badan Pengembangan Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Diputi Bidang Pelestarian dan Pengembangan Budaya Balai Kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional Yogyakarta Proyek Pemanfaatan Kebudayaan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, 2002.

Wildana, Dina Tsalist. “Sakralisasi Abhekalan dan Desakralisasi Nikah dalam Perspektif Genderbagi Masyarakat Muslim Madura di Jember.” Prosiding Seminar Nasional & Call for Papers Fakultas Keislaman Universitas Trunojoyo, 2016.

Zubari, Dardiri. Rahasia Perempuan Madura. Surabaya, Al-Afkar Press, 2013.

Published
2020-11-21
How to Cite
Rifa’iMohammad. “Madurese Islamic Preacher Perception about Early Matchmaking: Phenomenology Study in Pamekasan and Sumenep”. Proceedings of International Conference on Da’wa and Communication 2, no. 1 (November 21, 2020): 73-88. Accessed April 22, 2021. http://proceedings.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/ICONDAC/article/view/366.